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Decca Tree

Originally introduced by the record label Decca, the "tree" consists of a three-point pick-up by omnidirectional microphones in a (often equilateral) triangle pointing at the sound source. The two outside microphones are so far apart that a "hole in the middle" will occur without adding the center mic. The center mic should be mixed in to fill up this hole, taking care not to make the sound perspective too mono. Outer distances are seen from 60 cm to 120 cm. The third, in the center, can be slightly lower than and in front of the outside pair.

A T-shaped configuration with 2 meters between Left and Right microphones and 1 meter from that base line to the center microphone was also chosen after careful listening experiences.

Depending on the acoustic variables of the hall where the ensemble or orchestra is being recorded, the tree can be raised or lowered to achieve the best result. This is a very successful placement style as it ensures a natural, seamless sound stage for the listeners, and allows them to experience the full dynamic performance in context. Often, the Tree is placed right behind or over the conductor which results in a sound balance very close to his intention. The three microphones furthermore come closer to the orchestra sections than AB setups, providing even more clarity and sharper imaging - a more intense and detailed reproduction.

With the DPA Acoustic Pressure Equalizer you are able to modify the frequency response of the 4003 or 4006. This is done without adding any noise or distortion from EQs because the lift is done acoustically at the diaphragm. The L50B sphere will introduce a presence boost and more directionality at higher frequencies, which in sound color is identical to old legendary microphone types originally used by Decca, only with the much higher degree of naturalness offered by a DPA microphone.

Decca Tree illustration, DPA D3