What is "Condenser Microphone"?

Condenser Microphone

A microphone design in which the diaphragm is one plate of a capacitor and the back electrode is the other. It can either be externally charged or internally charged (electret microphone). A signal is generated whenever the diaphragm moves and the capacity is modulated. The capacity is typically in the range of 5-20 pF.

A condenser microphone always has a built-in amplifier to support a robust signal run in cables.
 

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